Where is Africa located?
Endless savannas, wild animals, baobabs, palm trees, pyramids, the Nile River and Ancient Egypt. Approximately such associations occur in a person when he hears the word "Africa". The appearance of the very word "Africa" dates back to about the 2nd century BC. In 146 BC. er The ancient Romans seized the territories of present-day Tunisia and founded a colonial region there, calling it Africa, possibly after the name of the Afri tribes, local residents who inhabited numerous African spaces as far as the Strait of Gibraltar. At the beginning of the XVI century, the Arab scholar Mohammed al-Wazan in one of his scientific works mentioned the name "Africa", which, in his opinion, comes from the word "farak" - to divide, divide. Perhaps because Africa is separated from Asia by the Red Sea.
Africa is the progenitor of the human species. The first remains of a "skilled man" - Homo habilis were found in the Olduvai Gorge by the British anthropologist Luis Leakey in 1959.
The geographical location of the continent
Where is Africa?
Geographically, Africa is located on both sides of the equatorial line and intersects it almost in the middle. The western territories of the continent are washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, in the northeast by the Red Sea, in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, and from the east by the Indian Ocean.
Africa is the second largest continent of the planet Earth after Eurasia - 30.3 million km2together with the adjacent islands, the largest of which is Madagascar.
Several climatic zones cross the continent, so Africa is a unique continent, stretching from the northern to the southern subtropics.
With Asia, Africa is connected by the Isthmus of Suez, represented by rocky and sandy deserts with the absence of all kinds of vegetation. Europe is separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar.
The relief of the continent is mainly represented by plains, since the ancient platform lies at the base of Africa. Lowlands are rare and are located on the shores of the continent.
The African subsoil is famous for its minerals: ferrous and non-ferrous metal ores, precious metals such as gold, for example. It should be noted that Africa gives 98% of the amount of diamond mining in the world today.
Africa is the hottest continent, this is where the Sahara is located - the world's greatest desert, where the highest temperature on the planet was recorded - +58 degrees Celsius.
In central Africa, the most precipitation falls, due to the fact that it is here that the continent crosses the equatorial line. To the north and south stretch of territory with a dry and arid climate. Due to the lack of precipitation and natural irrigation, there is no natural climate regulation anywhere in the continent.
The territory of Africa is divided between 55 countries and five regions:
- Central Africa;
- South Africa;
- West Africa.