What is a bump? Etymology and word meanings
There is one remarkable phenomenon in Russian, which is called “polysemy,” or polysemy. This is when the same word has several lexical meanings. Scientists, for example, believe that in our language more than 70% of words are multi-valued. And one of such examples is the word "bump". Consider its most common values.
The etymology of the word "bump"
There is no unequivocal answer to the question about the language of origin of this word. Some sources speak of Old Russian origin (in the meaning of “fir cone, ball”), in others - of Ukrainian (in the meaning of “cone, knob”). Probably, the truth is somewhere in the middle, as these languages are related.
What image comes to our mind when asking the question “What is a bump?”. Of course, scaly fruits and inflorescences of conifers. The word "lump" in this lexical meaning is derived. It acts as a prototype for other values, denoting something protruding, standing out against the general background, having a rounded shape. The bump in the photo is the fruit of pine.
A curious fact: the word "cone" comes from the Greek "cone", which translates as "pine cone." And the English word pineapple - “pineapple” because of the similarity of this fruit with a scaly cone comes from the word pine - pine. So it turns out "pine apple".
Education on the body or face
Well, of course, one of the most common childhood injuries is the bumps on the forehead. Here you have the second meaning of this word. A bump is a small tumor, a bump on the body, protruding above the surface of the skin. The word "bump", denoting damage to the skin, is derived from the basic meaning.
In this sense, the word "lump" was first used to refer to the strongest barge hauler in the artel. Yes, yes, the very barge haulers that used to be pulled in the straps of the barge. Such a barge hauler was put at the head of the order and was called a "lump". Hence the manner of calling those who are in command or somehow stands out against the general background as “big cones” or “important cones”.
A crown of a round shape that crowns some structure or instrument is also called a bump. Such a relief tip may be, for example, on a cane or an ancient helmet.Tops in the form of cones are widely used in forged metal products: fences, stair railings and platbands.
A curious fact: the word "mace" (historical melee weapon) in translation from Old Russian is translated as "lump". So what is a bump?
In order to understand the meaning of the word, it is necessary to look at the context of the sentence. Only in this way it is possible to figure out what kind of such a cone in question.