What is a shipyard? Meaning of the word
The meaning of most words having an Old Russianorigin, can be understood on the basis of word formation. And what should we do with words of foreign origin in this case? Especially this does not apply to the most common languages. For example, what is a shipyard? This word has Dutch roots and it is difficult to guess its meaning by sounding. In this article, we will talk about what a shipyard is, and give examples of using this word.
Meaning of the word
The shipyard refers to the place whereships are being repaired. The second definition is an enterprise for the repair and / or construction of ships and ships. Often located near large water bodies: lakes, rivers, seas, oceans. For relatively small vessels there are floating shipyards. Usually they consist of a number of structures: workshops, docks, slipways, slipways, warehouses, workshops and so on. The very first shipyard dates back to 3000-2778 BC. It was built in Egypt. Since the seventeenth century, such structures have become an integral part of the Admiralty. At present, when asked what the shipyard is, you can get an answer that it is a ship repair yard or a shipbuilding plant. It is also customary to refer briefly to shipbuilding yards - "shipyard".
The biggest shipyard in Russia
The most famous and largest is consideredNorthern shipyard. It was founded in 1912, the fourteenth of November, and was named "Putilov shipyard". The purpose of construction is to ensure the navy of the then Russian Empire. From 1948 to 1988 it was named "Shipbuilding Plant named after. A. A. Zhdanov. " In 1998, this enterprise was one of the first to receive a license for all types of works for the construction, refitting, modernization and disposal of ships and ships.
For all history of existence the Northern shipyardrepeatedly reconstructed. In the course of the conversion a unique complex of manufactures and structures was created. Since the appearance and up to now, about four hundred ships and ships of various purposes have been produced at this plant. Among them there are about one hundred and seventy for the Navy of the USSR and Russia, which were equipped with the most advanced weapon systems.
What is a shipyard and what is its activity?
The main product list forEnterprises of this type include commercial vessels, combat navigational ships, passenger and scientific research vessels, trawlers, rokers, container ships, trawlers.