Tropical miracle: growing avocados at home

Avocado is a tropical evergreenfruit tree. Refers to the family of laurels. Scientifically called Persea American (Persea Americana), in everyday life has the name of the alligator pear. His homeland - the hot tropics.

In spite of this, the cultivation of avocados in domesticconditions - a real and not very difficult occupation. Although this is not an indoor plant, but in a normal apartment the avocado feels quite normal and, with proper care, grows into a very beautiful tree. Unlike their tropical counterparts, in nature reaching a height of 20-30m, the indoor avocado grows to a maximum of three meters, often no more than a meter, rarely blooms, and, therefore, rarely fructifies. This defect is compensated by beautiful, dark green oval leaves, the length of which is about 20 cm, and the width is about 10 cm.

Self-cultivation of avocado at home can begin by buyingan exotic fruit and planting it in a bone flower pot, after having checked the bone for germination. Use two options for this test: standing in water or in a special substrate.

Method one - water. The avocado seed is placed in a narrow shallow vessel with water, at the bottom of which is charcoal. The sharp end of the stone should be above the water. You should constantly monitor the water level and pour warm water as needed. Waiting for the result will have to wait quite a long time about 3 to 6 weeks. The seed must pass through.

The second way is in a special substrate. For this option, a heavily moistened mixture of crushed expanded clay with peat is used. The stone is placed under a glass cap (an ordinary can) into the mixture so that its acute part is above the soil. You can use a plastic bag instead of a can. A cup with a mixture and a bone is placed in it. The package is tightly tied.

And in that, and in another way the whole design is placed in a warm, bright place.

After the sprout appears, the seedtransplanted into an ordinary flower pot of a small size, the bottom of which is laid drainage - pebbles or expanded clay. It is not necessary to use watering for the future, placing a pot with a tree on a pallet with water. This will negatively affect the health of the avocado. As the tree grows, the pot can be changed, but no more often than once a year, for a larger one. The best time for transplant is spring.

With regular watering, shoots will appear already throughmonth. The avocado tree is very fond of light, heat and moisture, so it is better to grow avocados at home on the south or south-east side, maintaining as constant humidity as possible, combining watering with spraying. In the summer, the plant can be taken out into the garden. People experienced in the issue of how to grow avocados at home, are advised to ensure that the plant does not get direct sunlight. The minimum temperature in winter is not lower than 16 degrees.

Even the cultivation of avocados at home does not cancel the natural rhythm of plant life - the tree sheds foliage. This happens at a temperature below 12 degrees.

In order that the growing of avocado at home gave youbeautiful, powerful plant, it is necessary to form the crown of the tree, pinching the tips of shoots, this will lead to the growth of lateral branches, feed it with mineral fertilizers.

About the diseases of avocado. Most often, the cultivation of avocados at home can be accompanied by powdery mildew, damage from the thyroid gland and spider mites. You should carefully monitor the condition of the plant and take timely measures, otherwise the avocado may die.

So, to grow avocados in the home, quite feasible occupation not only for the professional, but even for the lover. With proper and regular care, the plant will grow, bloom and bear fruit.

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