The story of Ivan Alekseevich Bunin "Antonov apples": analysis
"Antonov apples" - the story of Bunin, published in 1900. The work is built on a lyrical monologue-memory. What is the main theme of "Antonov apples" Bunin? What events inspired the writer to create this work?
The analysis of Antonov apples, like any such task, should begin with brief information about the author. In literature Ivan Buninhas enterednot as a prose writer, but as a poet. However, the debut collection of poems, which was published in Orel, did not cause a special reaction of critics. Recognition Bunin received after the publication of the book "Leaf Fall", which also included only poems.
Ivan Bunin left a deep and bright mark in Russian literature. In his lyric works continuedclassical traditionsA. Fet, J. Polonsky, A. Tolstoy. In stories and stories he showed, often with a nostalgic mood, the impoverishment of noble estates, the cruel face of the village, and the disastrous oblivion of the moral foundations of life.Bunin became a classic of Russian literature, thanks to such prose works as “The Life of Arsenyev”, “Light Breath”, “Cursed Days”, “Antonovsky Apples”.
Analysis of a work of art can not do without a brief history of the creation of the work. How did the plot come about?
The story of the creation of "Antonov apples"
Ivan Alekseevich Bunin decided to write this work in the early nineties of the XIX century. Then he visited the estate of his relative. Once I went out on the porch and felt the amazing, unique smell of apples. At the same time, he experienced nostalgia for serf times.
In the analysis of "Antonov apples" it should be said that in this work the author sang the old landlord life. The main theme of the story - lyrical memories of the nobility culture. Nostalgia for the past permeated many of Bunin's works, including the Antonov apples.
Analysis of the writer's work involves the presentation of the basic facts of his biography. As is known, Bunin left Russia. But it happened many years after the publication of the story. However, at the beginning of the century, Russia was not the one that is depicted in the work “Antonov apples”. The heroes of Bunin are images from a past, happier life.
Lyrical hero recalls the past. In his imagination arises an early golden autumn, a thinned garden, the incomparable scent of apples. The author recalls Vyselki, a village thatof timehis grandfather is known in the county as the richest. The houses here were solid, brick. There was also a small manor with an apple orchard.
Remembers the hero and people who have long been present in the world. And above all, the late relative Arseny Semenych. It was an avid hunter. Many people gathered in his house. The table was laden with food, and after dinner the host and the guests went hunting. Trub horn, dogs howled. The author recalls horseback riding, hunter cries ...
The work is imbued with nostalgia. The author describes the village life. Here is a golden autumn with colorful foliage, and the sweet smell of apples, which fill the whole garden, and an old mansion house, and hunting. And the house is warm and good.
Years have passed
But that which the lyrical hero remembers is long gone. The village still stands. What is she without owners? Arseny Semyonych shot himself. The owner of the estate and apple orchard died. It is the kingdom of impoverished nobles.
Happy times are over. Now the nobles are not the same, they are poorer. True,stillgather at each other in the evenings. But life will never be the same. Shows the harsh village reality. And the authoris givenquestion how to live now. But this life is not so bad ... And again the authorindulgescolorful description of rural lifewithout knowing anything about the fact that the local gentry could not exist any longer.
What problems did Bunin raise in Antonov apples? The author showed how the patriarchal world is passing away, the country estates are ruining, disappearing. ATitsthe writer did a kind of study of the historically established foundations of the Russian village, tried to catch the reasons for their collapse, to understandcarriesnew life to every single person.
The story "Antonov apples" surprisingly poetic. However, the lyrical hero seems to be hidden from the reader. His story remains unknown. The reader is only aware of what the men call him "barts". The emphasis in the work is on associationsmemories of the past.
When a person is closer to nature, his life and relationships with others are simpler. Bunin vividly showed in this story the idea of a disastrous anddoomedbeauty. The thought about the common fate of the nobility and the peasantry is carried through the whole work. After all, everyone is equally threatened with death.
Image of Russia
The book "Antonov apples" is a peculiar look at Russia. For some, the native land is associated with Antonov apples,honeyand morning freshness. For others - with a frosty winter morning. Like no other, Bunin managed to discover the beauty of Russia, the tenderness of his native nature. After all, even readers who have never been to the village and can hardly imagine the smell of apples, imbued with ruralold landlordslandscapes created by this writer.
In literary society, the story has caused mixed reactions. Maxim Gorky, after reading the work of Bunin, said that the author managed to “sing beautifully, sincerely, juicy. However, the Revolution Petrel did not like the idea of Bunin. He expressed categorical disagreement with the philosophical concept of the work. With amazement met "Antonov apples" most readable metropolitannewspaper. The well-known publicist said: “Bunin writes about everything that comes his way, and therefore it’s impossible to read the main thing.”
Five years after the publication of the story in the magazine "Bugbear," a parody of Kuprin appeared. In this essay were these words: de you, great time Antonov apples, serfs, redemption payments? There is a version that the parody became Kuprin's revenge on the “nobleman in Mother” - this is how once the aristocrat Bunin had the imprudence to call his colleague. By the way, the satirical work Kuprin called is not at all poetic - “Pies with milk nuts”.