The river of Bastion: description, fishing, photo
The Podkumok River is located on the territoryKarachay-Cherkess Republic and the Stavropol Territory, is considered the most full-flow tributary of the river. Kuma. The total length of the water flow is 160 km, the catchment area is 2200 km².
The source of the river is on one of the spursThe rocky ridge, on top of the Gum-Bashi mountain. The swarm, the mountain river flowing from the south-west to the east, completely crosses the area of the Caucasian Mineral Waters.
Way of the river
In the upper reaches of the river Podkumok flows betweendeep rocky canyons, the banks sometimes reach a height of 400 m. The speed of the current of the water artery is large, and the bottom is deep. Gradually, the river slows its course and expands, reaching a maximum width of the floodplain - 3 km. Through Pyatigorsk, the current flows for 8 km. In winter, ice does not form on the river, only the water near the shore freezes. This period lasts from the beginning of December to the end of March. The flood of the river begins in April. Its runoff is not regulated, and floodplains can spread widely. Periodically for this area, floods are typical. Coming to the village of Nezlobnoy, the river Podkumok goes to the flat terrain, pacifies its current. The flow of water in this area is used to irrigate local gardens and vineyards. Not far from the village of Krasnokumsky river, forming a mouth, flows into Kumu from the right bank.
On the way of water flow there are many largecities. Apart from Pyatigorsk, Kislovodsk, Yessentuki, Georgievsk and a number of small villages are on the banks of the river. The proximity of cities to the waterway affects its ecological state. Unfortunately, industrial sewage is increasingly polluting the river, and this leads to the gradual destruction of the animal and plant world.
Flora and fauna
The banks of the river are covered with a natural forest, whichis represented by such tree species as ordinary ash, oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, birch, linden and birch. In the underbrush grow hazel, elder, dogwood, viburnum, dogrose. Representatives of the fauna are few, occasionally there is a fox, a hare, and wild boars can live in river floodplains.
Climate, features of the region and tributaries of the river
The climate of the region is continental, varying from a mountainous peak to a typical steppe in the lower reaches of the water stream.
On its way, the river Podkumok takes overabout 140 tributaries. The largest of them are adjacent to the main artery from the right bank: Karsunka, Alikonovka, Eshkakon, Berezovaya, Yutsa and others. In addition, the water flow feeds Lake Novopyatigorsk and an artificial reservoir in the city park of Pyatigorsk. The total length of all the tributaries is about 345 km.
Hydroelectric power station
At the beginning of the last century on the river Podkumok inThe first in Russia hydroelectric power plant "White Coal" was built in Yessentuki. She worked as a hydropower plant until the 1970s. and was destroyed by a strong flood. After the restoration functioned for a short time, and in the late 90's. the station was conserved. At present, the building of the HPP is a museum.
Fishermen, who constantly come to the river,noted that, unfortunately, there are not so many fish here. In order for the catch to be good, you need to know certain places. The upper reaches of the watercourse and the sections of the rifts are considered the most fishy. It is here that the water is clean and cool. If you choose the right tackle and bait, even the most inveterate fisherman will be surprised by the underwater world of the river Podkumok. Fishing will be a success! There are beetles, roach, chub, perch, minnows and the most desired specimen - trout.
According to professionals, the best time forfishing - August, September. It is at this time that the barbel wakes up. As bait, you can use fused cheese, corn, worms. Mustache is especially uncomfortable, therefore catching will be successful in any case. It is best to choose a place remote from cities.
The river Podkumok of the Stavropol Territory, though not a fish place, but very many from year to year come here.