The extreme points of Australia and their coordinates. Features of extreme points

Australia is incredibly interesting and in many waysa paradoxical country. This is the only state that occupies the entire continent. Most of the country's territory is desert. About nine thousand plants of Australia are unique, and people here live several times less than rabbits and kangaroos. From the article the reader will gather information about where the extreme points of Australia are located (and their coordinates). In addition, a brief description of the flora and fauna of remote capes of the Green Continent will be given.

The extreme points of Australia and their coordinates

Even before the discovery of this continent, peopleassumed that in the southern part of our planet there is no one known land. Initially, these unknown land areas were called the Southern Earth. After the trip, which opened us the secrets of this continent, it began to be called Australia.

The continent is located in the South and Easthemispheres of the Earth. It is surrounded by the waters of two oceans, as well as many small islands. Not far from it there are large islands - Tasmania in the south and New Guinea in the north. Parallel to the north-eastern coast, the largest coral formation in the world - the Great Barrier Reef. Another interesting feature: almost in the center of the Australian continent is the Southern Tropic.

In the north and east are the Coral and Tasman Seas: they belong to the waters of the Pacific Ocean. From the west and south the continent is washed by the seas of the Indian Ocean - Timor and Arafur.

Of the six continents, the Green Continent is the smallest. The extreme points of Australia and their coordinates are as follows:

Cape Latitude Longitude
York 10 ° 41'S. w. 142 ° 31 'in. e.
Steep Point 26 ° 09'S. w. 113 ° 09 'in. e.
Byron 28 ° 38'S. w. 153 ° 38 'in. e.
South Point 39 ° 08'S. w. 146 ° 22 'in. e.

Between the capes of York and South Point the distance is 3200 km, and between Steep Point and Byron - 4000 km. More details about which extreme points of Australia, in what their features, will be told below.

Cape York

On the peninsula of Cape York is the extremenorthern point of Australia. The name of the cape was given in honor of an English duke, after the navigator James Cook for the first time circumnavigated the world.

Cape York rocky, and along the coast growmangrove forests, where crocodiles live. Sometimes here you can see a phenomenon called "morning glory". It looks like a lot of thick clouds stretching across the sky. The territory of the cape is undeveloped and wild, as it is rather difficult to reach it and local people rarely come here.

the extreme points of Australia and their coordinates

Cape South Point

The island of Tasmania is sometimes regarded as part of theAustralian continent, when discussing the coordinates of the extreme points of the mainland Australia. In this case, its southern point is called Cape South East Cape, but it will be more correct not to include the island in the mainland.

South Point is located in the oldest national park in Australia. Its name coincides with the name of the peninsula, on which there is a cape and reserve - Wilsons-Promontory.

coordinates of the extreme points of the continent Australia

Cape Steepe Point

The name of the cape came from the Dutchman WillemFlaminga, who was the first European to see him. The name is translated as "cool cape", which is completely justified because of steep rocky coasts up to 200 meters high.

Stip Point is popular with fishermen. The western point of Australia, along with the Idel-Land peninsula, is part of the Shark Bay and is protected by UNESCO. Shark Bay is a bay with a unique ecosystem. Thanks to the algae that cover its bottom, there are a lot of plankton, dugongs, bottlenose dolphins and other inhabitants of the ocean.

extreme northern point of Australia

Cape Byron

James Cook visited the territory itselfeastern point of Australia, calling it in honor of John Byron - the grandfather of the famous poet. In the 18th century, Vice-Admiral Byron went on a ship "Dolphin" to circumnavigate the globe, for which his name was immortalized in the name of the cape.

Now here from all over the world come togethertourists to enjoy the incredible views of the Indian Ocean, which open from the observation deck lighthouse. This lighthouse is very old - its creation dates back to 1901. Often, fans of extreme sports come to Cape Byron.

which extreme points of Australia

Conclusion

So, the extreme points of Australia and their coordinatesnow known curious reader. This cape: York, Steep Point, South Point and Byron, two of them named personally by the famous traveler and geographer James Cook.

Australia - a huge nature reserve, notwhich has analogues on the planet. There are still animals roaming here, similar to those who lived on Earth in antiquity. Many of them do not live anymore in any part of the globe. Eucalyptus, kangaroo, bottle trees, emus ostriches - an amazing and unique world of the Green continent constantly attracts people from all over the world.

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