The drug "Celestoderm" (ointment): instructions for use, principle of action and side effects
For what purpose do you buy the drug "Celestoderm" (ointment)? Instructions for the use of this drug, its properties, methods of use and forms of release will be described in detail in this article.
Forms of release of the drug and composition
In what form does the Celestoderm chemist's shop go on sale? Ointment (instructions for the drug must be included) is packaged in tubes, which are then placed in cardboard packaging, most often white. Currently, the presented drug is available in the following forms:
- Cream "Celestoderm" (0.1%) for external use. The main active component of this drug is betamethasone. Such a medicine is produced in tubes of 30 and 15 g.
- Ointment "Celestoderm B" with garamycin for external use. In addition to betamethasone, this tool contains a substance such as gentamicin.Available in tubes of 30 and 15 g.
Properties of the drug
This drug is a glucocorticosteroid, which is often used in dermatology. It has antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and antiexudative action. Ointment and cream "Celestoderm B" includes in its composition such active substance as betamethasone. The presented component is non-greasy, does not leave marks on clothes, is odorless, and also easily washed off and provides a very fast penetration into the skin.
Why do dermatologists most often prescribe their patients the drug "Celestoderm" (ointment)? The instruction of this tool says that its effectiveness is due to its composition:
- Betamethasone has antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effect, and also inhibits the release of inflammatory mediators and cytokines, reduces arachidonic acid metabolism, reduces vascular permeability and increases the formation of lipocortins, which have anti-edematous activity.
- Gentamicin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.When used locally, it is effective against many pathogens (streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacteria).
Indications for use
The drug "Celestoderm B", as well as its numerous analogs, are indicated for the elimination and reduction of inflammatory phenomena during skin diseases that are amenable to glucocorticoid treatment. Thus, the presented medication is prescribed to patients with the following abnormalities:
- eczema (children, coin-like and atopic);
- dermatitis (solar, contact, exfoliative, seborrheic, radiation and intertriginous);
- senile and anogenital itching.
Medication "Celestoderm" (ointment): instructions for use of the drug
Ointment or cream "Celestoderm" should be applied with a thin layer to the affected skin areas 1 or 2 times a day. In this case, the first form of the drug is recommended for dry, scaly or lichen-free lesions. As for the cream, it is desirable to apply it only on moist or moist surfaces.
Contraindications to the use of funds
This drug has virtually no contraindications. However, it should not be used by those who have an increased sensitivity to the components that make up the product.
Side effects after use
In some cases (especially in case of overdose), patients using Celestoderm ointment or cream may complain of the following side effects:
- dryness and irritation of the skin;
- itchy skin;
- folliculitis formation;
- appearance of hypertrichosis;
- stretch marks;
- severe or minor acne-like rashes;
- perioral dermatitis;
- contact allergic dermatitis;
- the appearance of a secondary infection;
- maceration and atrophy of the skin;
- prickly heat.
- If after using this drug for 2 weeks, the patient has not noticed the proper effect, then he is recommended to immediately contact the doctor to clarify the earlier diagnosis.
- Perparat "Celestoderm B" is not intended for use in ophthalmic practice.
- In the event that the patient has local irritation, as well as hypersensitivity to the constituent substances, the therapy should be immediately stopped. For such a patient, the attending physician must select another therapy.
- If a patient has a secondary infection, then he needs to prescribe antimicrobial or antifungal therapy. In the absence of a positive effect, the use of a glucocorticosteroid should be discontinued until the patient has eliminated all symptoms of the infection.
- It is highly undesirable to use this tool in large doses and for a long time.
- When using the drug with an occlusive dressing or on large surfaces, the likely development of systemic exposure to betamethasone should be kept in mind.
Can children use?
Ointment or cream "Celestoderm" is prescribed to children only under strict indications and only under the personal supervision of a physician. This is due to the fact that the baby can develop systemic side effects, among which one should particularly highlight the suppression of the functions of the pituitary and hypothalamone adrenal system and the appearance of symptoms of hypercorticism. In addition, the child may experience an increase in intracranial pressure, as well as a decrease in the release of growth hormones.