Tail symptoms: description, possible causes and features of treatment
In this paper we will discuss the symptom of the Tailstock. Let's start the article, perhaps, with the fact that the disease occurs as a result of disorders of calcium-phosphorus metabolism. Tail Symptom is an indicator of the presence of rickets in a child.
Nearly five percent of young children are prone to developing spasmophilia, or children's tetany. This disease is usually diagnosed before the age of two years. You will learn more about how a symptom manifests and how treatment is carried out.
The symptom of the Tailstock is also called the "facial nerve phenomenon." We suggest now to understand why he got this name. To identify it, it is necessary to conduct the following test: using a percussion hammer, tapping the facial nerve. It is located near the external auditory canal. As a result, a patient suffering from this disease can see a reduction in the muscles on the face.Symptoms of Khvostek, Trusso and Lust in medicine are usually combined into one large group - spasmophilic symptoms that help identify the severity of tetany.
Chvostek's symptom has many other names. This symptom, which sounds amusing, has been given to the therapist Frantisek Chvostek Sr. It is important to note that his discovery has a co-author - Friedrich Schulze, a German neuropathologist. For this reason, you can find the following name - the phenomenon of Khvostek - Schultz.
This syndrome suggests that there are any neurological or somatic diseases in the patient's body, which are expressed by excessive irritability of the nervous system.
It is also important to note the fact that there are several degrees of disease severity. We will talk about them in detail in the next section of the article.
In total, it is customary to single out three forms of the Tailgate symptom. More information can be found in the table of this section.
The phenomenon of the facial nerve of the first degree
When tapping with the finger or hammer on the trunk of the facial nerve, you can notice a reduction in all muscle groups of the face
The contraction of the muscles of the wing of the nose and the corners of the lips
It is characterized by the reduction of only the nerves in the corners of the mouth.
For diagnosing tetany, only the symptom of the first degree of the Tailstock is important. It is important to note that the muscles contract even with a light touch to the nerve. The second and third degree can speak about the presence of hypoparathyroidism, and the presence of other diseases:
- exhaustion and so on.
We have already said that the symptoms of Chvostek and Trusso are signs of a disease called tetany. We offer a little more to consider this issue.
To begin, we list the symptoms of this disease:
- speech disorders;
- numbness of the limbs;
- pale skin;
- goose bumps;
- rapid breathing;
- spasms of the lower limbs;
- hands cramps;
- blurred eyes;
- tingling in limbs and so on.
As it became clear from the symptoms, spasms may occur with this disease. Note that a heart muscle spasm is possible, which often leads to cardiac arrest.
Often the syndrome manifests itself in newborns, but after a month it can go away on its own. Women suffering from this disease, you should know that during childbirth tetanus of the uterus is possible, which greatly complicates the generic process.
In medicine, it is customary to distinguish several forms of the syndrome:
- tetany pregnant;
- tetany of newborns (early and late hypocalcemia).
Manifestation in children
It was already mentioned earlier that the positive symptom of the Chvostek is observed in almost five percent of the children of our planet. How to identify the problem in time and the danger of inaction? We suggest talking about this in this section.
Against the background of what may appear spasmophilia in a child of the first year of life? Against the background of early organic damage to the nervous system. It is also important to note that now true convulsions are a great rarity, therefore even with the slightest suspicion it is recommended to conduct a complete examination of the baby to identify the cause. Spasmophilia is expressed in several forms:
This symptom is the cause of child tetany, which manifests itself in different ways - from pale skin and sweating to loss of consciousness. The most dangerous manifestation of the disease is an attack of eclampsia. Convulsions begin with twitching of the facial nerves, then go to the limbs and laryngospasm appears. In this state, the child loses consciousness, and foam appears on the lips, possibly involuntary urination. These attacks are dangerous because it can stop breathing and heart.
Even at home, the presence of the Chvostek symptom can be identified on their own. To do this, put the baby on the bed, not putting a pillow under his head. Legs should be straight, arms should lie along the body. Next, you need to find the trunk of the facial nerve and gently hit it with your finger. If a child has involuntary spasms of the muscles of the face, then it is urgent to go for a consultation with a neurologist, who must find the cause of this symptom.
The value of the symptom
The symptom helps to identify a number of diseases associated with neurology. These include: neurasthenia, hysteria, epilepsy, dyscirculatory encephalopathy, Bell's palsy, and so on. However, the special value of the symptom of Chvostek lies in the possibility of diagnosing spasmophilia.
Once again, spasmophilia is excessive nervous and muscular excitability. It appears as a result of a lack of calcium in the human body. Critical condition is a serious threat to life. The condition of the muscles is as follows:
- development of carpopedal spasms;
- the formation of a “tetanic face”;
- development of laryngospasms (provided that the larynx is involved in the process).
We have already said that the symptoms of Tail and Trusso often speak of spasmophilia, which manifests itself in different ways. The attack of eclampsia requires urgent medical care, and in some cases (cardiac or respiratory arrest) resuscitation.
When tetany, the child is prescribed the following drugs:
- "Sodium oxybarbitrate";
- intravenous injections of 10% calcium gluconate solution;
- intramuscular injection of a 25 percent solution of magnesium sulfate.
If spasmophilia causes symptoms of Chvostek and Trusso, then in most cases the disease has a favorable prognosis. The difficulty lies only in the possible laryngospasms.But when a child reaches the age of two years, the state normalizes as a result of the stabilization of the level of calcium and phosphorus in the blood.