Spinal hemangioma: symptoms and treatment
The spinal hemangioma is a slowly growing benign vascular tumor that affects the body of the vertebrae. Its development occurs more often in women than in men. At the same time, it can be traced that the pathology is hereditary - most often spinal hemangioma is formed in people whose family members have already suffered from similar tumors of other localization. Most often, the lesion occurs in the thoracic region, slightly less often in the lumbar region, and much less often in the cervical and sacral regions. The spinal hemangioma can be capillary (consisting of small intertwined blood vessels), racemic (consisting of large vessels) or mixed.
The capillary hemangioma does not squeeze the tissue surrounding it, therefore does not cause any symptoms and usually does not even come to light. The racemic and mixed vascular tumors are large enough, they put pressure on the spinal tissue and nerves that extend from the spinal cord, and therefore need to be treated.Moreover, the vertebrae can be affected by hemangioma, both partially and completely. Symptoms are back pain. When a tumor grows very intensively, which leads to the destruction of the septums inside the bone tissue and a decrease in the overall bone strength, pain appears in the area of the affected vertebra and the areas surrounding it. With further growth of the tumor there is a risk of compression of a vertebra compression and pinching of the nerves extending from the spinal cord as a result of squeezing, which leads to increased pain, impaired movement and sensitivity. With a large tumor, the back pains become permanent and very strong, with physical exertion, they intensify even more.
Spinal hemangioma: diagnostic methods
To diagnose a vascular tumor, x-rays are performed. If there is a need to clarify the location, nature and volume of education, an additional CT scan or MRI is performed.
Spinal hemangioma: treatment features
To treat vascular tumors of the spine, causing a violation of its functions, in several ways. If a spinal hemangioma is diagnosed, treatment with folk remedies will not bring results, but, on the contrary, it may trigger an increase in symptoms.Today, the most suitable method of treatment is puncture vertebroplasty. The method is to introduce through a special device invertebral body with a high viscosity mixture of bone cement and other components. When cement hardens, heat is generated, due to which tumor cells are destroyed and vertebra strength is increased. In addition to this method, embolization (introduction of thrombotic substances into the tumor), sclerotherapy (introduction of alcohol into the tumor), and radiation therapy are used. However, they are not effective enough. Surgical removal of hemangiomas is now also rarely performed, because it is often not possible to completely eliminate the tumor, and relapses occur after the operation.