Recognize and treat sprains
Those who were avoided damage to the joints were very lucky. This may be an tear, dislocation or sprain of the foot, knee or hand. Agree, not very nice. In order to be able to help yourself and others in a similar situation, you need to know something about these injuries.
Bundles help our joints to maintain their shape and move only in the right directions and with the right amplitudes. They are our bones. Stretching the ligaments of the foot and other joints is their damage, manifested in anguish or rupture (in this case, people usually speak of dislocation). Such injuries can be of varying severity and, accordingly, require different treatment. If we consider the sprain of the foot (ankle), then such injuries occur quite often and are usually not accompanied by rupture of muscles.
Sprains on the leg can be caused by the fall of a person, a blow.Such injuries are very common among athletes and occur in training and competition. Stretching can also be obtained by shoving very uncomfortable shoes or by incorrectly putting your foot when walking. If a person has weak joints from birth, then their injuries are almost inevitable.
To recognize the sprain of the foot is not difficult. If, after a blow or a fall, the limb began to swell, then this is its first sign. An increase in the volume of the foot is usually accompanied by bruising, pain, aggravated when trying to move the foot or stand on it. Signs of stretching are also weak limb mobility at the site of the tumor and sharp pain when walking. It is very important to carry out timely treatment and provide first aid. If she is late, then there is a risk that problems with the joints become chronic. In addition, prior to the X-ray examination, no one knows for sure if the bone is damaged. Sprains of the foot may also be accompanied by other injuries in the area. They are perhaps even more serious than strain or dislocation.
Sprain of the foot: treatment
When a specialist diagnoses the injury, he assigns certain measures aimed at restoring the damaged joint. This is the treatment of sprains. As can be seen from practice, not all go to the doctor for such injuries, but professional help is always better. First of all, the patient is assigned peace. Do not disturb the joint in the first few days after injury. Need to minimize movement. In the first hours after the damage, ice helps well. It is desirable to wrap it in a towel and apply to the sore spot for fifteen minutes about once an hour. Having provided the patient with rest, you can additionally apply a tight bandage on the damaged joint and slightly raise the leg (in the supine position above the heart level). This will reduce the swelling and reduce the pain. After several days of rest, physiotherapy exercises are usually appointed to develop the injured joint and gradually introduce it into daily work. Exercise intensity should be increased gradually. Occasionally (in the most serious cases) special medicines are prescribed to patients, and sometimes trauma even requires surgery.