Proletarians are the strength of the popular movement.
At all times and periods of history the mainThe driving force behind the revolutions was the students and the proletariat. The first to move the inquisitive mind, maximalism and the desire for change. The proletariat believed that the main reason for their misfortunes was a state that oppressed the common people.
The meaning of the word "proletarian"
It is generally accepted that proletarians are people,who united and overthrew the Tsar during the revolutionary events in Russia in 1917. It's true. However, the history of this word is more ancient than the majority believes.
The word "proletarian" appeared in the time of the GreatFrench bourgeois revolution. In the use of his introduced Simond de Sismondi. He noted that the proletarians are a group of people who do not have the necessary amount of means for a worthy existence. They live one day and do not think at all about what will happen tomorrow.
Later in Western Europe, all people who belonged to the working class and sold their labor force began to be considered proletarians.
Proletarians in Russia
The greatest scale of the movement of the proletarians was noted in Russia in the period 1917-1920. This was a period when the Marxist-Leninist theory influenced the public consciousness and activity of people.
Karl Marx in his book The Principles of Communismnoted that proletarians are that social class of the population who lives by selling their own labor and does not have the capital that can be used.
Over time, proletarians begin to joinsmall industrialists, artisans and traders. It is believed that the class of the proletariat is precisely that class which is always opposed to the bourgeois class. Karl Marx wrote that for the triumph of justice in the state the working class should become a hegemon and establish a "dictatorship of the proletariat". The bourgeoisie was to be replaced by proletarians. Their main goal is to build a communist society first in Russia, and then in the whole world.
The revolutionary events of 1917-1918 endedsuccessfully for the protesters. The monarchy was sent to the dustbin of history. The new leadership and people faced the task of building communism in the near future. Initially, it was planned to create a communist society in Russia itself, and after and throughout the world. The leadership set a minimum plan: to build communism around the world for ten years. Moreover, it was even planned to cancel the history, which was before 1917, and start the countdown again.
"Workers of all countries, unite!"Is the slogan with which the Communist Party of the USSR sought to unite the society within the country with one idea. It was planned that this slogan would become a global one. By the way, in his "Manifesto" he was first used by Friedrich Engels.
In 1920, at the Communist InternationalLenin considered that the phrase should be changed. For all the peoples he said: "Workers of all countries and oppressed peoples, unite!" This slogan clearly shows that the leadership's focus is not only on the internal affairs of the country, but also on the international arena.
Results for the proletarians
Revolutionary events have shown that the proletarians -This is an active social class that fights for its rights through rallies and demonstrations. The most active movement in the history of the proletariat was in Russia. This is not strange if we turn to the definition of the "proletarians" of Simond de Sismondi. The greatest number of poor people who work for hire is observed in Russia.
The proletarians overthrew the monarchy, but did not achieveown improvement of life. Most of Lenin's promises were never to be realized. Land and production issues remained unresolved. The peasants still did not receive the desired endowments, and the workers - improving working conditions and reducing the working day.