Nature and animals of Africa

Africa is an amazing continent, stretched outhundreds of thousands of kilometers from the northern to the southern outskirts. Most scientists consider it the cradle of humanity. The most ancient human remains were found there. The animal world of Africa is extremely diverse. This is not surprising, because on the continent are located almost all climatic zones of the earth, with the exception of arctic deserts, tundra and taiga. There is a high altitude zone on this continent. Animals in Africa, despite the fact that the ecology of many localities is deteriorating due to the consequences of human economic activity and global warming, are still found in large numbers. Many countries equip nature reserves and national parks or proclaim protection of certain species of animals in order to protect them from complete destruction.

Consider the same wonderful and rich worlda huge and so different continent called Africa. The animals of the equatorial part live in the jungle. These are moist forests, often swamped, with mangroves. Thanks to the hot climate and rainfall, the trees here reach a considerable height, and the forest closes its crowns into one large green roof.

The rainforest can be compared with a multi-storeya building, and each floor has its inhabitants. On the upper floors live birds. The middle tier was chosen by monkeys - from orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas to monkeys. Tree branches also serve as a home for large predators of the cat family - leopards and panthers, as well as numerous snakes. In the lower tier live small artiodactyls - boar-warthogs. In the basin of the Congo, okapi, one of the most interesting animals of the African jungle, resembles a cross between a zebra and a horse, but in fact it represents a separate species. These cleanly beasted animals have an extremely long tongue - so long that okapi can easily lick itself behind the ear.

From the north and south, the equatorial forests surroundsavanna. This largest climatic zone occupies almost half of the entire Black Continent. In the savannah, the trees grow one by one, and the whole space is covered with grass. In these grassy seas, drifting herd animals confidently. Giraffes thanks to their long neck can reach the tall tree branches. In addition to the longest animal planet, the savannahs are home to the largest land representatives of Africa and the world - elephants. The African elephant reaches a height of about 4 meters and weighs more than 7 tons. These are extremely intelligent animals, living in small herds in which females predominate.

The world of savannas is populated by a large number of antelopesvarious species, herbivores, small and large predators. There are only two pores of the year - dry and wet periods. Huge herds of gazelles, antelopes and zebras migrate for several thousand heads in search of green grass, and after them predator wanderers also wander. Wild animals of Africa, considered "the kings of beasts" are lions. They live in large families - prides. And the fastest animal on the planet also lives on this continent: it's a cheetah. It can reach speeds of up to 92 km per hour!

Deserts, despite the "lunar landscape", enoughare inhabited. Animals in Africa in the desert and semi-desert areas have adapted to the hot and dry climate during evolution. Many species lead a twilight and nocturnal lifestyle. The smallest foxes of the planet have huge ears, which protect the animal from overheating. A camel and saberogy Oryx can not drink for a long time, scooping scarce moisture only from the plants that feed.

The extreme north and south of the continent occupy the subtropics. The animals of Africa in this climatic zone resemble the European brethren. Monkeys live in the foothills of Atlas (North of the continent), and in the forest-steppe zone there live dog-eating monkeys - baboons.



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Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

Nature and animals of Africa

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