Lugovskoy potatoes: variety description, photos, reviews, diseases and pests, cultivation features
Today, the majority of summer residents are happy to plant Lugovskoy potatoes. Description of the variety, photos, reviews of this vegetable crop say that it is really very good. Its tubers have a pleasant pink color, very tasty and even, perfectly preserved until spring. They contain a large amount of starch - up to 19%.
The potato of Lugovskoy was bred in Ukraine in 1987 on the basis of the Sineglazka, well known to many Russian gardeners. It refers to table vegetable varieties. Excellent for growing on a conventional garden plot, although grown on an industrial scale. For our beauty and great taste we love many customers, so it can often be found on the market.
Characteristics of potato varieties Lugovskoy said that it is mid-season. The first fruits can be dug out already 75 days after emergence of shoots. Tubers are small, oval and starchy. They have white flesh and smooth to the touch skin, on which there are small small eyes. Weigh from 50 to 130 grams. They are perfectly preserved until the new harvest, without losing its presentation. The yield of potatoes is high. With strict observance of the rules of agricultural technology with 1 acres, you can get up to 1.4 thousand fruits.
Advantages and disadvantages
The merits of potato Lugovskogo innumerable. These include excellent taste, high consumer characteristics, as well as:
- resistance to various diseases, including late blight;
- high content of vitamin C, protein and starch in fruits;
- abundant and short-term flowering (almost no berries are formed);
- high yield (up to 1 kg from a bush);
- ease of tuber in cleaning due to excellent shape and evenness;
- excellent product quality (transportability, keeping quality);
- demand from buyers;
- the absence or minimum amount of trivia and ugly fruits.
Virtually no flaws.These include perhaps the need to update the seed potatoes almost every year.
As evidenced by reviews, photos, description of potato Lugovskogo, it does not impose special requirements for the place of growth and type of soil. But it is better to grow it on soil enriched with humus or sand. Not bad, if it is additionally fertilized with humus, peat or wood ash. Do not interfere and mulch the soil with sawdust or dry grass. In areas with heavy loamy soil, plants take root poorly, they cannot harvest high yields.
Then plant potatoes?
On an industrial scale, vegetable crops are sown constantly in the same place. So that this does not adversely affect the yield, winter rye or wheat is sometimes grown in the fields. These siderata plants are planted for potatoes in the fall, and are harvested in the spring, as soon as the earth warms to 6-8 degrees. On the garden plots for sowing vegetable crops use those places where cucumbers, zucchini, beans, cabbage or peas were previously grown. These plants are considered for them the best predecessors.
It is also a good idea to plant root crops after those plants, the edible part of which ripens underground, namely carrots, beets, onions and garlic. But then planting potatoes categorically is impossible, so it is after eggplant, pepper and tomatoes. These plants of the Solanaceae family greatly impoverish the land, which has a bad effect on the yield of the subsequent “sister” crop.
Features of growing
View about potato Lugovskiy variety description, photos, reviews are not enough to grow a good crop. It is necessary to invest in its cultivation of their own time and energy. It will be nice to remember some features of the root crop:
- it grows best and bears fruit in high crests;
- responds well to deep loosening and hilling;
- needs to be fed with special mineral fertilizers (occasionally).
With good care, it forms a multi-tall bush with large dark green leaves, white flowers and a powerful root system, on which 10-15 large tubers are formed.
Preparing for landing
Before planting Lugovskogo potatoes, it must be removed from the storage and transferred to a room heated to 10-14 degrees in order for it to “wake up” and be able to germinate in the future.Then it should be moved somewhere in a sunny place and spread out in a thin layer. It is advisable to watch that in case of rain it is not very wet.
When sprouts appear, seed potatoes can already be used for planting. But it is also advisable to carry out the treatment with special preparations, which make it possible to save them from bacterial and fungal infections, for example, copper oxychloride, Bordeaux liquids or Maxim. This should be done in the following way: in 1 day after planting, the tubers should be dipped in the chosen agent, held for half an hour, removed and dried.
If it was not possible to get the right amount of seed potatoes for any reason (it is not there, it is too expensive, and so on), it can be multiplied with the help of new shoots. To do this, you need a little prikopat tubers in a box with the ground and put on the window. When the sprouts reach a height of 5-10 cm, they, along with small roots, must be very carefully separated from the potatoes and transplanted into a separate pot. And so on until you reach the required number of bushes. Doing this way, with only 1-2 kg of root vegetables, you can get a big harvest.
To harvest a good harvest of potatoes Lugovskogo, it still needs to be planted. You can begin this procedure as soon as the earth warms up to 8-10 degrees. In the middle lane, the estimated time for its holding is the twentieth of May. Do everything on their sites is as follows:
- loosen and bury the area under the roots;
- manually remove weeds from it (instead, you can sprinkle "Amethyl");
- draw a straight deep line with the help of two sticks and a rope (so the rows will not go to chance);
- make holes along the resulting grooves about 8-10 cm deep;
- carefully put prepared potatoes into them (they can be planted whole or separated, the main thing is to have eyes on each half);
- prikopat their ground from above;
- repeat the procedure until the end of the plot;
- to level the site with a rake.
If there is a desire and strength, 500 grams of humus and 1 handful of wood ash can be added to each well, this will increase the yield. If it is not possible to change the area for planting 1 time in 3-4 years, you can plant siderats for potatoes in the fall. The best of these are beans, peas, soybeans, wheat, lentils, mustard or rapeseed.These crops reliably protect the soil from weathering and deep freezing, enrich it with oxygen, and retain snow.
Peculiarities of care
The variety is able to grow and produce crops even in adverse conditions. However, with proper care, root crops will be larger, better, free from defects. Undoubtedly important for potatoes Lugovskogo irrigation. It can be carried out either by the drip method or manually. In the latter case, it should be produced 2-3 times per season. At the same time, the soil should be wetted by at least 45-50 cm.
Be sure to apply fertilizer for potatoes Lugovskoy (at least 2-3 times per season). They will help vegetables grow their disease resistance and yield. Most recommended for this purpose to spray the tops of plants in the period of budding. To do this, you can use "Lurastim", "Akarin", "Fitoverm" or "Bitoxibacillin." Apply them according to the instructions.
Some gardeners are also advised to feed potatoes during the season with bird droppings diluted with mullein, superphosphate, magnesium or potassium sulfate, and preferably all this in a complex. In order not to suffer from the creation of the composition, in a specialty store you can buy Biolan (not washing powder!), Bona Forte, Fertika, and so on.When choosing it is worth watching that the amount of nitrogen does not exceed 10%, the urea in the preparation should not be contained at all. These substances, helping to develop green mass, impede good growth of root crops.
Another very important thing, while caring for potatoes by Lugovsky, is to periodically spud the plants by sprinkling them to their lower part of the ground. For the first time, this must be done after the appearance of the first shoots, in the subsequent ones - after watering or rain. You should be careful not to cut down the green mass by accident.
Diseases and pests
Despite the high resistance of potatoes Lugovskogo to diseases and pests, including potato cancer, black leg and scab, he still can be struck by them. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to seed the tubers before planting, remove the weeds from the site in time (together with the roots), and carry out timely feeding.
In case of infection with potato late blight, they can be sprayed with special fungicide preparations - Maksidom, Fitosporin, Arcedilom, Ditamin M-45, Kuproksat. They are bred in different ways: from 10 to 50 grams per 10 liters of water, so it is very desirable to read the instructions before use. Spraying is 3-4 times for 1 season with a frequency of 1 week.
Of insects, juicy potato tops are most often chosen by the Colorado potato beetle. You can get rid of it as a "grandmother's" way (to collect insects manually in a can of kerosene and then burn it), and with the help of special modern means: "Karbofos", "Commander", "Iskra golden", "Intavira", "Karate" or "Bison". In order to avoid harming yourself during spraying, you should wear personal protective equipment and carefully read the instructions provided by the manufacturer.
In addition to the Colorado potato beetle, the following insects may be fond of potatoes: spider mite, cicada, fly. You can get rid of them by spraying the same drugs. Also such tools as Calypso, Killer or Regent will also be quite effective.
Completes the cultivation of potatoes Lugovskogo his cleaning. It is carried out after it turns yellow, withers and grows pothamic tops. To ensure that the tubers are mature, you need to dig up one potato. If it does not peel off with a finger rubbing about it, and is also easily separated from the stem, the harvest is really time to gather.The time for the procedure in Russia usually falls on the end of August - the beginning of September.
It is important not to miss the correct period of harvesting, so that the tubers do not lose the set of essential nutrients, are well kept in winter and are not sick. In addition, in warm autumn with frequent rains, roots can begin to re-germinate, this should also not be allowed. If water pours from the sky incessantly, and there is no hope of a clear day, potatoes need to be dug out, and then dried and lumps of earth removed from it. This work, of course, is very hard, but it is better not to let the crop rot.
The method of digging from gardeners is different. Some 5-7 days they mow the potato tops to make the tubers even bigger, others clean along with it. It doesn’t matter how best the site owner himself has to decide. After digging, the tubers must be laid out in the sun to dry. Keep so no more than 2 hours, so that they do not form a toxic substance under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.
Next, the potatoes must be distributed: the largest - for storage or sale, medium - for planting next year, accidentally damaged - immediately for food, very small (there is very little) - at its discretion, sick - for release.Tubers laid as seeds need to be reddened for 3-4 days. This will help them to become more stable in storage and unattractive for rodents.
How to store potatoes Lugovskoy?
Suitable for storing only whole and healthy potatoes that do not have pollution, extraneous odors and all sorts of defects. Reject them should be very carefully, as even a few damaged tubers can lead to disease of the entire harvest. The storage period is divided into 4 stages:
- Therapeutic. At this time, the potatoes after digging should be left on the garden for 1-2 hours to a little dry. Then transfer to a pair under a canopy to “increase” the protective properties and “heal” their wounds.
- Cooling period Now the potatoes need to begin to harden by reducing the storage temperature from 13-18 degrees to plus 2-4. This should be done gradually, within 10-15 days.
- Main. This is the time from harvesting potatoes to storage until February-March. Now it is very important to observe the lighting mode (the room should be dark), humidity (85-90%) and temperature (from 2 to 4 degrees with a plus sign).
- Spring.This period is marked by the release of tubers from a state of rest. It usually begins in February or March and continues until they land in open ground. At this time, seed potatoes can already begin to harden.
It is worth noting that from the moment the potatoes are harvested to the storage bookmark, it cannot be soaked. Therefore, no washing! You also need to make sure that the tubers do not soak rain or dew.
Where to store potatoes?
In country houses they usually do this in cellars or vegetable pits. If nothing like this, the potatoes can be put away in a cellar, basement, storage room, or a dark, cold room. In any case, the room before storage must be prepared:
- Dry and disinfect the surrounding area well using a concentrated solution of lime, its mixture with copper sulphate. You can also fumigate with sulfur (this procedure is usually carried out in basements). Then well ventilate.
- Process a strong solution of potassium permanganate three times all wooden boards and drawers, shelves. Then they should be dried in the open air.
- Arrange hoods or vents, if there are none. They help to improve air circulation and remove excess moisture.
- Heat insulation with foam plastic, hot bitumen, roofing felt or modern polyethylene materials. It is important that the potato “Lugovskoy”, the storage of which is so carefully organized, is not frozen in winter.
After that, the tubers can already be collected and put into the room. It is worth noting that in the apartments they are most often saved on the balconies. So that they are well preserved throughout the winter, they should be laid in boxes lined with clapboard or organic plastic. It is desirable that the outside of this container was insulated with foam.
If you look at the description of potato varieties Lugovskoy, photos, reviews, you can immediately understand: it is ideal for cooking various dishes, as it has a pleasant rich taste and good texture, not dry and not watery. Due to the large amount of starch that it contains, when cooked it becomes tender, crumbly, it literally melts in the mouth. Do not darken!
Various cooks say that Lugovskoy potatoes can be used to create airy or freeze-dried mashed potatoes, various children's dishes, toppings for pies and cakes, as well as for stewing and starch.Especially tasty are such dishes with him, like beef in a pot, pork in French, dumplings and so on. But for frying in a pan or deep-fried potatoes of this class is not suitable. Just as for stuffing with various fillings (vegetables, minced meat).
So that the size of the potato tubers of Lugovskoy over time did not shrink when landing on the same place, some gardeners sow special plants for the winter - green manure. The article has already said which ones are better, we will not repeat. Let's tell how to sow. It should immediately be said that they carry out this procedure at different times: before, after or together with the planting of potatoes.
In the first case, sowing is carried out in the spring, when the first 3-5 cm of topsoil are heated to a temperature of 8-10 degrees. White mustard, phacelia or oats are selected from plants for this. They are cleaned 2 weeks before planting roots in open ground by cutting with a flat cutter and deeply digging up the soil. At the same time, it is important to ensure that siderats bloom and form seeds, otherwise you will get tired of fighting weeds.
In the second case, it is recommended to sow potatoes with mustard,which does not allow weeds to develop, retains a good level of moisture in the soil, saturates the soil with nutrients, frightens off pests. Remove the plant-siderat should be immediately after its leaves and potato tops become equal in growth. After removal, it can be left in the aisle or thrown into the compost pit.
The third method is the most common. Siderates for potatoes are sown in September, 2-3 weeks after harvest. The soil under them is well loosened, the seeds are laid at a depth of 5-6 cm at the rate of 1.5-2 kg per 1 hundred. Then level the plot with a rake and cover with compost. With the arrival of heat, siderats are either removed or cut off and left in the garden bed, covered with earth. When they rot, will be an excellent fertilizer for vegetables.
If you crawl through the forums for the sake of curiosity, you will notice: the majority of gardeners speak of the potato Lugovsky as an old good friend. People like that it gives a good harvest, contains a large amount of starch, thanks to which it very quickly boils soft, forming a sort of rosette, keeps the whip green for a long timeexcellently withstands the onslaught of phytophthora. Perfect for baking in the oven and cooking in a uniform. Many put it as the main.
Of course, there are negative reviews. For example, some gardeners write that it starts to harvest late (only at the end of July) lately, in bad weather it does not gain the necessary amount of starch, it degenerates after 2-3 years and becomes empty inside. In addition, they say that now in many cities it is very difficult to get good seeds.
As a rule, most of the existing problems can be solved. To increase the yield, for example, it is necessary to observe crop rotation, plant green manure, properly select seed, update it once every 2-3 years. You can buy seed potatoes Lugovskoy today and through the Internet. When choosing it is worth looking at the photo of tubers, the description of the variety and the price. It would be useful to find reviews about the company itself. As a rule, planting material of time-tested and overgrown with positive responses by gardening companies is always good.
As a conclusion
Potato varieties Lugovskoy, photo, description, reviews of which are given in this article are very good-looking and deserve you grow it in your backyard.Well, now it remains only to choose seed, prepare it for planting, grow it, remove it from the plot for storage in the existing room. The work is quite painstaking, but its result will exceed expectations. Good luck and lots of strength!