Low body temperature: causes of the condition
Heat-bloodedness is a guarantee that a person can be active in a variety of climatic conditions. Due to the mechanisms of thermoregulation, a constant temperature is maintained in the body - about 36.6 degrees. As a rule, in case of deviations from the norm, more attention is paid to raising the temperature (fever) and, to a lesser degree, to lowering. Why the low temperature of the human body should not be overlooked?The fact is that it can be a symptom of various diseases, even very serious ones. Low body temperature, the reasons for which we consider below, can be a signal of complex systemic disorders that require immediate medical intervention. Let's see what causes a decrease in temperature and how to deal with it.
Mechanisms of thermoregulation
First, we need to understand how the body's thermoregulation works. Its main types are: physical, in which heat is preserved through expansion and contraction of blood vessels,as well as by sweating; chemical, which is activated when the ambient temperature drops; behavioral, in which a person moves in space in search of the optimal thermal mode. Low body temperature, the causes of which depend on a violation of thermoregulation processes, can be a dangerous symptom. It is very important to understand its origin.
Low body temperature: causes
Chemical thermoregulation can be impaired due to reduced immunity, a recent illness, intoxication, anemia, fatigue and overstrain, even due to pregnancy. Physical disturbed with diseases of the endocrine system, stress, hypotension. Lowered body temperature can also be a consequence of a violation of behavioral thermoregulation. This happens when there are deviations in the psyche or when the body is exposed to alcohol or narcotic substances: a person stops paying attention to the cold, hypothermia occurs, and sometimes freezing up to death. Under such circumstances, the body temperature can drop to 25 degrees, and then the person falls into a coma.Behavioral thermoregulation is not yet established in babies, so their low body temperature is not uncommon. But not only because of the above, low body temperature occurs, its causes can also be found in anorexia, cancer tumors, AIDS. This is very important to remember.
Signs of low temperature. What to do?
Among the signs pointing to the ailment under discussion should be called general weakness, drowsiness, inhibition of mental processes, irritability. If you notice any of the listed symptoms, check to see if they are caused by a drop in temperature. If this is so, then it is necessary to find out what led to this and take measures for normalization. If you just supercooled, the first thing you need to do is eliminate the cause, and then keep warm — warm tea, a blanket, heaters, a warm bath. If you are too cold, you should call an ambulance. Remember that daily temperature fluctuations can vary from 36.1 to 36.9 - and this is normal. But if there are doubts and anxiety - consult a doctor. And be healthy!