Inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear: causes, symptoms and treatment
The human body is very sensitive to various pathogenic environmental factors that adversely affect the state of health. One of these unpleasant phenomena is inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear, which can occur at any age. Before treatment, you need to find out the reason that provoked the pathological process.
The lymphatic system performs many vital functions and is involved in the formation of the immune system, protecting the body from the penetration of viruses, infections and other harmful substances. A lymph node tumor is a serious problem. It must be immediately removed. When pathogens enter the human body, the lymph nodes produce antibodies that localize them and prevent them from spreading throughout the body. If a large number of viruses, infections,and the human immune system does not perform protective functions, then they are unable to cope with viruses, which leads to the development of lymphadenitis. The latter is just characterized by an increase and inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear.
Causes of swollen lymph nodes behind the ears
There are many factors that can cause lymphadenitis. Most often, the inflammatory process in the lymph nodes is observed as a result of the penetration of infections and bacteria into the body, which contribute to the development of such diseases as sore throat, pharyngitis, acute respiratory infections, influenza, rubella, dental infections and many others, as well as cancer patients that only a doctor can diagnose after a complete examination of the patient and the results of certain tests.
Symptoms of lymphadenitis
Enlarged lymph nodes can be determined independently. But to diagnose and determine how to cure the disease, can only an experienced doctor after examining the patient. The main symptoms of lymphadenitis are an increase in lymph nodes in size, a sensation of pain during palpation. At the beginning of the pathological process they are soft to the touch and mobile, but over time they become hard and immobile.The patient's body temperature rises, when swallowing pains increase, the general weakness of the body is also noticed, and sometimes there is a dry cough, tachycardia. Symptoms of the disease depends on the cause, which provoked inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear. It should not be forgotten that their increase can be one- or two-sided. Also, the disease can be supplemented by purulent processes in the lymph nodes, which complicates its course and treatment.
Lymph node treatment
How to treat inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear? It is performed by an otolaryngologist or general practitioner immediately after identifying the cause of the disease. Treatment may rely on conservative or operative methods, which also depends on the etiology of the disease. If a bacterial or viral infection is suspected, the doctor prescribes a complex therapy, which is aimed at reducing the lymph nodes and eliminating the cause. Usually, a specialist recommends drugs in the form of an aerosol, tablets for sucking, and others that have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antimicrobial properties. The patient is prescribed vitamin therapy, immunotherapy.
Drugs and treatments
Efficacy is observed in the treatment of antibiotics and other drugs that can stop and arrest the symptoms of the disease and prevent its further progression. How to treat inflammation of the lymph nodes? Penicillin groups, sulfa drugs, and others that are available in the form of tablets, capsules, suspensions for children, and solutions for intravenous or intramuscular administration are considered effective drugs. The course of antibiotic treatment should not exceed 5-7 days. Together with the reception of such therapy, the patient should take probiotics to prevent the development of dysbiosis. Treatment should be prescribed only by a doctor after the results of laboratory tests, it is also forbidden to engage in self-treatment, which can provoke complications in the form of purulent processes in addition to such a problem as inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear, which can lead to surgery. With proper treatment and timely access to specialists, the prognosis is always favorable.