Hypericum perforatum - properties, description and contraindications
Often, patients are worried about the need to take serious drugs, fearing the development of side effects and toxic effects on internal organs. In this case, medicinal herbs come to the rescue. Some of them can replace prescription drugs. One of these plants - St. John's wort. This plant has unique properties for the human body.
What kind of grass is this: where does it grow, when is it best to harvest
Depending on the region in our vast country, this plant is called differently: sickle, St. John's wort, red grass, hare blood, and St. John's wort yellow. All this is the name of the same medicinal plant, which in pharmacology and plant cultivation is called hunter perforated.
Any folk healer will confirm that the best time to collect this plant is the middle and the end of June.During this period, the juice is most concentrated in the stems and leaves of the plant. With the right technology, drying is retained in dry, shredded dried herbs. Depending on the purpose of treatment, you can use both fresh and dried flowers, leaves, and plant stems.
St. John's wort grows in almost all regions of our homeland, with the exception of areas of the Far North. It begins to make its way to the sun in April-May, reaching full-size by June. At this time it can already be used for therapeutic purposes.
Description of Hypericum perforatum
Plant class perennial herbaceous. Branches are branched, with two ribs, 30-60 cm high. The shape of the leaves: oblong, beveled at the corners, at the edges have dark receptacles that do not stand out in the center of the leaf. One gets the impression that they are pierced with thin needles - hence the name "holed". Hypericum flowers are free-bladed, of regular shape, with a five-leaf non-falling cup, five-leaved beater, yellow in color. The number of stamens in a flower is about sixty. At the base of the flower, they grow into a single entity.Inflorescence - corymboy panicle.
In order for the Hypericum to preserve its healing properties as much as possible, it must be properly collected, dried and stored. Here are some simple rules for this process:
- For cutting the stems, it is recommended to use special scissors (you can buy these in stores for gardeners), which will ensure a smooth cutting edge and a minimum outflow of juice from the stem.
- Some healers prefer to collect St. John's wort with buds, others - without them. If the flowers are not needed, you should carefully cut them with special scissors.
- Drying of St. John's wort is necessary, poured the harvested stems, leaves and inflorescences evenly on clean metal sheets. The second popular option is to hang the small bundles of the plant down.
- Some village healers use the roof of the house for this purpose - of course, if it is not too sloping. This method is controversial, since scientific studies have shown that it is necessary to dry the plant in the shade and not allow it to fall into direct sunlight.
- To prevent overdrying, do not leave the cut blanks in direct sunlight for a long time.
- The average period sufficient for drying two or three kilograms of grass is about two weeks. If during this period it has not dried out - most likely, the room is poorly ventilated or the inflorescences are in the shade in a place with high humidity.
The healing properties and contraindications of the Hypericum perforatum depend on compliance with all rules. With improper collection and storage of the plant may become completely useless.
Chemical composition and storage rules of Hypericum
If the Hypericum perforatum was properly dried, it is possible to treat the whole family with it all year round. The use of plants is not contraindicated for the treatment of children and adolescents.
It is recommended to properly store dried grass: ideally, this requires bags of flax or cotton (natural fabric) that can be tightly tied. In this form, the plant can be stored for about five years and it does not lose its healing properties.
What makes St. John's wort so useful? If the healers of antiquity had no opportunity to explain such miraculous properties, then in our time it is possible. A simple analysis in a chemical laboratory allows you to determine the composition of any plant. According to this information, we can draw conclusions about its medicinal benefits.
The main active ingredients of Hypericum perforatum are:
- photoactive condensed anthracene derivatives;
- flavone compounds;
- glycoside hyperoside;
- hypericin and hyperforin;
- a nicotinic acid;
- small amounts of tocopherol;
The presence and amount of these substances determines the healing properties and contraindications of Hypericum perforatum. In a rare year there is a bad harvest of Hypericum, which is manifested not only in a small number of plants, but also in low quality of stems and inflorescences.
Impact on the body
Grass has the following effects on the human body:
- nicotinic acid is able to improve blood circulation, thin the blood, has a positive effect on the appearance of the skin and hair;
- rutin is useful for the walls of blood vessels, veins;
- carotene helps maintain the health of the visual system;
- tannins, which are rich in St. John's wort, have excellent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action, improve immunity and increase the overall tone of the body;
- hypericin and hyperforin in the composition help to improve the conductivity of neurons, thereby affecting the person sedatively. The sleep is normalized, the mood improves.The person becomes less irritable, nervousness goes away;
- phytoncides, which are part of the inflorescences of Hypericum, have antibacterial action. Of course, far less than professionally synthesized antibiotics in the laboratory.
The presence of plant flavonoids provides a mild antispasmodic effect. Therefore, tea from Hypericum can reduce the intensity of pain during menstruation, migraine, osteochondrosis. Of course, the anesthetic effect can not be compared with pharmaceutical antispasmodics, it is much weaker.
What diseases and conditions helps?
Laboratory studies have confirmed that many serious diseases and conditions can be successfully treated with this plant. Hypericum leaves perforated (as well as its stems and inflorescences) can be effective in the following cases:
- purulent wounds, furunculosis, festering cuts - you can use the juice of a fresh plant as an antiseptic;
- the infusion of fruits of Hypericum perforatum has an excellent choleretic effect - can be used alone or as an aid in cholecystitis and other diseases of the gall bladder (use with caution in case of gallstone disease)
- has antiparasitic effect with prolonged regular use;
- gingivitis, stomatitis, sore throat can also be treated with hunters - you should rinse the mouth and throat, or take the infusion daily;
- St. John's wort is famous for its action on the nervous system: it is soothing and effective for a long time, it has a mild hypnotic effect, and evens out the emotional state in depressions.
Crushed leaves of this plant are part of many combined medicinal teas, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. The healing properties of the Hypericum perforatum have been known for a long time: several centuries ago, our ancestors had already collected this plant with yellow flowers for the preparation of therapeutic infusions. This is evidenced by ancient records, preserved to our times.
What side effects may occur on the admission course
Like any medicinal product, Hypericum has its own contraindications to receive and some side effects. There are not many of them, but you should familiarize yourself with the list before use.
Contraindications Hypericum perforatum to use:
- problems with blood pressure: in some cases, the drug can increase it (the plant acts individually on each person,and this effect may not appear in due measure - but it is worth taking the possibility of pressure problems into account);
- the drug has a weak toxicity, but even with prolonged use of infusions (more than six months in large quantities - more than a liter per day) can provoke a fatty degeneration of the liver;
- pregnant women and women before taking decoctions and tea with St. John's wort should always consult with your doctor, discuss the necessary concentration and duration of treatment;
- individual intolerance of the plant: in some patients, even non-concentrated hypericum tea can provoke nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
This is a sample list of contraindications. Hypericum perforatum does not cause such conditions in all, in most cases, patients tolerate it well. But it is worth remembering that this is not innocuous weed and the result of the reception can be in some cases deplorable.
Hypericum perforatum herb extract
Dried stems and inflorescences of a plant are not always used. In cosmetology, an extract is often used - squeezing the necessary components from the plant's juice.Extracts may be different in consistency and beneficial effect.
On the packaging of a cosmetic product does not indicate the exact percentage and method of pressing the components. Therefore, such a vague concept, as “an extract of hypericum perforatum”, provides quite a bit of accurate information about the tool.
Hypericum Ointment Recipe
Such an ointment can be prepared at home and in no way inferior to pharmacy antispets and healing agents. The following ingredients will be needed:
- St. John's wort juice - a teaspoon;
- olive oil - a teaspoon;
- pharmaceutical petrolatum (can be replaced with animal fat) - one bottle;
- for long-term storage is appropriate to use cosmetic preservatives.
Mix all ingredients until smooth. Put in the fridge. Without the addition of preservatives, the duration of such an ointment is about a month. Can be used for cuts and boils, as a means of accelerating the healing process and regeneration of the skin.
Tea with St. John's Wort: Benefit or Harm?
Herb Hypericum perforatum in dry form is often used for the preparation of infusions, decoctions, teas. What is the difference between these drinks?
- Broth is a highly concentrated drink obtained by long boiling a large amount of crushed herb of Hypericum in a small volume of water.
- Infusion - the same as only a decoction, only insists about a day. Roughly speaking, an infusion is a cooled broth that has stood for several hours in a cool place.
- Tea is a low-concentrated drink that is prepared by diluting the brewing (infusion or decoction of St. John's wort) with boiling water and is drunk with sugar or another snack.
Tea with St. John's wort has anti-inflammatory, choleretic and sedative effects. It can be drunk daily. The total amount of weak tea from Hypericum per day - no more than one liter. Such a dose will not bring health problems, but only strengthen it.
Infusion medicinal from a plant: how to cook and take
The infusion of Hypericum is already a drug, unlike tea of low concentration. Infusion is prepared as follows:
- three tablespoons of chopped dry grass pour 400-500 ml of pure water;
- put on the stove in an enamel pot, bring to a boil and simmer for 20-25 minutes over low heat;
- cool the broth and remove the infusion in a cool place for 6-10 hours. In some cases, you can insist day.
Take this infusion should be half an hour before meals for 50-60 ml. It has a choleretic and diuretic effect, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial action. It is necessary to carefully apply this remedy for gallstone disease: the infusion of hypericum may contribute to the discharge of stones, which will require urgent surgical intervention.
"Novoimanin" - antibiotic based on Hypericum
This drug unfairly enjoys low popularity. It is almost as good as antibiotics with a chemical formula, despite the fact that it has almost no side effects and is characterized by almost completely natural composition. It acts on gram-positive microbes, including penicillin-resistant staphylococcus, on diphtheria and pertussis pathogens.
Can be used for bacterial diseases of the mouth and throat. The liquid form of the drug is used for the treatment of furunculosis and other skin lesions of a purulent nature. The main active component "Novoimanina" - squeeze from the stem and leaves of Hypericum perforatum.