How does a child see?
The visual organ of the baby is formed in the womb before birth, and when the child is born, the structure of the eye is very similar to the eye of an adult. The main distinguishing feature is that the eye of the baby has a lot of immaturity. He will have to go through many changes on the road to development. In the article we will analyze how children see the world.
Even at mom in the tummy, the child begins a mini-training peephole - already there he begins to open and close his eyes. But at the first stage of development, vision gets only when the eyes begin to see the light. All major changes in humans occur in the first two years.
How does a newborn baby see
When a child is born, he immediately discerns the light, the rest of the environment for his eyes is fuzzy, vague - this is how newborn children see the world. If the pupil narrows, it is a reflex action. At first, the baby sees only black, white and shades of gray. The ability to focus vision acts only at a distance of 20-30 cm, which is why he sees very blurry.
Already in the first three weeks of its development, the child begins to distinguish between objects and colors, forming a certain base for acquiring visual experience.
In a month, a child sees better, he learns to control his eyes, focus his eyesight and follow objects, develop coordination of movements under the action of the eye-hand system.
How does a developing child see
In the process of growth, the child's visual acuity increases. Already in the period from 2 to 6 months the child has the ability to distinguish colors, he begins to actively consider and explore the environment.
Already at 12 months, the baby can recognize not only the objects as a whole, but also in parts, perform a search for objects with eyes, find the places where the object once lay, that is, fix the connections between objects. During this period, the child has a visual memory.
Between the ages of two and seven years, changes in spatial perception occur. Further, vision develops due to the experience gained earlier in the process of training a baby. Here drawing, coloring, cutting and collecting handicrafts perfectly helps - everything that helps a child to develop playfully.
It is important to remember that the child must undergo a medical examination, even if the parents did not have abnormal vision.
Child eye development
Practice shows that at birth most babies up to 3 years old experience hypertrophic refraction - hyperopia. According to medical research, the percentage of such cases is 92.8%. As for myopia and normal vision - 2% and 3.7%, respectively. Therefore, do not worry right away. During the growth of the baby's vision develops in the normal direction, there is a consolidation of the cornea and lens.
Pathologies in development that can be identified at home
Research has shown that several factors can affect the development of a baby’s vision:
- infectious diseases;
- excessive or prolonged administration of drugs used in diabetes mellitus;
- the effect of lithium chloride and sodium rhodanide;
- diagnostic radiography of pregnant women;
- hereditary factors.
Observing the growth and development of the child in the first month, parents may notice deviations in the growth and development of the baby’s eyes. These may include the following observations:
- The apparent differences in the size of the eyeballs in the baby.
- Pupil dilation in the absence of light and contraction in light is a normal reaction. In the absence of such reactions, it is important to immediately consult a doctor.