Folic acid - use and indications
Vitamin B6, or folic acid, is oneof the substances most necessary for the normal functioning of the body. This element takes the most active part in the processes of metabolism and DNA synthesis, forms blood cells and strengthens the immune system, and also has a beneficial effect on the digestive system. It is especially important for pregnant women in connection with the need for its admission for the normal formation of the neural tube and reducing the risk of developing various vices in the fetus. In addition, folic acid takes a direct part in the formation of the placenta.
If there is a significant deficiency in the body's vitaminB6 there is a risk of developing anemia. This common disease is the cause of a decrease in the number of red blood cells and the disruption of their functions, since the bulk of them comes out of the bone marrow, and not having ripened. With a long course of this process, loss of appetite occurs, fatigue and irritability increase. These symptoms can add vomiting and diarrhea. Possible skin changes, sores in the mouth and throat.
When should I take the drug?
Folic acid, the use of which becomes especially important during pregnancy, is one of the most significant elements necessary for the proper development of the fetus.
- participates in the synthesis of DNA;
- prevents the development of defects of the neural tube and brain in the embryo;
- takes part in the processes of cell growth and division;
- is one of the constituent elements in the formation of the brain and nervous system of the fetus;
- participates in the formation of platelets, leukocytes and erythrocytes;
- is important for the development and growth of the placenta and blood vessels of the uterus.
Folic acid, the use of which promotesthe correct formation of the child's neural tube, is especially necessary in the first twelve weeks after conception. Therefore, it is prescribed already when planning pregnancy. The need for this vitamin in women is up to 800 micrograms per day, and with acute shortage in the body of this substance, the dose should be increased.
Do not be afraid of an overdose of folic acidacid, since such a state is extremely rare. Excess vitamin is excreted naturally, without having a negative effect on the body. During pregnancy, this process is accelerated. Overdose of the drug is possible only with the use of a hundred times increased doses, which is 20-30 tablets per day.
Folic acid, the use of which is necessary andin the period of breastfeeding, is prescribed as a separate drug, and in combination with multivitamins in a dosage of 300 mcg per day. This amount is sufficient to provide the mother and child with the substance. When taking an increased dose, excess folic acid will be excreted from the body of a woman naturally and will not harm her or the baby.
Folic acid, the use of which duringpregnancy is considered necessary even by opponents of pharmacological drugs, is needed, at least for preventive purposes. This will allow the future mother to protect herself from many problems and reduce the risk of developing various pathologies of the child.
Folic acid - indications
The intake of vitamin B6 is essential for a variety ofpathological conditions, namely: glossitis, anemia, diarrhea, liver failure, unbalanced diet, fever, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, as well as with prolonged stress.
Folic acid - contraindications
Like all medicines, vitamin B6 can cause an allergic reaction. Also extremely contraindicated is its use in hypersensitivity to folic acid and pernicious anemia.