Deverzhi disease: description, symptoms and features of treatment
Dewergy's disease is an uncommon skin pathology, named after the French dermatologist M. G. A. Deverghi. Despite the fact that in 1856 the researcher described the disease in detail, the reasons for its appearance and development are still unknown for this day.
Description of the disease
Pityriasis versicolor versicolor is a disease, though not the most common and well-known, but quite serious. It is believed that the main cause of this type of dermatosis is a violation of the process of keratinization, while in the papillary dermis the inflammatory process begins due to the appearance of horn plugs there.
This type of dermatosis usually affects children, but adults can also undergo the Dévergi disease. In this regard, this pathology is divided into two large groups: lichen pediatric and adult. It is believed that the child type affects either from birth, or from an early age, while it is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.The adult type of the disease appears to be older, usually older, and is acquired.
There are several theories of the origin of the disease:
- lack of absorption of vitamin A by the body;
- weakening of the immune system after infectious diseases;
- nervous system disorders, various pathologies in the endocrine system of the body, poisoning.
Next, consider in detail the symptoms and treatment of the disease Dever.
Symptoms of the disease
The manifestation of skin disease Devérgy is very easily confused with the development of pathologies such as psoriasis or seborrhea. Their symptomatology is similar, and it is necessary to use various methods to make an accurate diagnosis.
What are the symptoms of the disease should pay attention?
- The presence of redness with yellowish scales, localized under the scalp.
- Itching, pain, burning in places of defeat.
- Change the color of nails from normal to brownish yellow.
- The disease spreads to the folds of the limbs and skin folds.
A similar picture of the development of the disease in the early stages is also characteristic of psoriatic lesions of the skin.
Classification options for the manifestation of pathology
In 1980, the doctor U.Griffiths has identified 5 different manifestations of this disease:
- Classic adult type.
- Classic juvenile.
- Atypical adult.
- Limited juvenile.
- Nevoid, or atypical youthful.
Manifestation of the disease in adults
The first type (classic adult) can appear both gradually and acutely, with localized rash, as a rule, in the upper torso of the patient. Lesions can be either single spots or grouped erythematous, spreading down the body. At the onset of the disease, the main symptom that troubles the patient is severe itching. With the further course of the pathology, in 80% of cases, patients present with palmar-plantar hyperkeratosis, and in 50% of cases - follicular, called Benie's symptom. Of great importance in the diagnosis of the very first subtype of Dewergy's disease is the presence of spots of healthy skin on the background of an affected diameter of about 1 mm.
An atypical adult type, as is already clear from the name, appears nonstandard: the lesions with it are larger than in the classical version. This subtype is characterized by the presence of eczema-like lesions, larger than in patients with the first subtype of the disease.Localized lesions for the most part on the lower extremities, possibly loss of hair on the head. One of the main symptoms that can reveal the Deverghe syndrome is erimatozno-squamous lesions, localized on the bends of the wrist and elbow joints.
The clinic of this subtype resembles allergic dermatitis, seborrhea, psoriasis, neurodermatitis, skin lymphoma and other similar diseases. In addition to the above, it can be noted that the exacerbations of the atypical type of the course of the disease are longer than its remission and are much more difficult to treat.
Daveri's disease in children and adolescents
According to U. Griffiths, juvenile types of manifestation of the disease begin either in adolescence or else in early childhood. In this case, over time, the disease becomes chronic.
The classic juvenile pathology variant is not much different from the classic adult type, with the exception of localization of lesions, which are usually in the lower part of the body. In addition, the difference lies in the fact that the symptoms appear somewhat weaker than in adults.This subtype of Daveri disease is diagnosed in children of the first and second years of life.
The limited juvenile pathology variant, as a rule, affects children aged 11-12 years, that is, in the prepubertal period of life. The disease is characterized by several pronounced symptoms:
- areas of follicular hyperkeratosis and erythema in the lower extremities have clear boundaries;
- chronic course;
- no tendency to further spread.
As for the atypical childhood variant of the disease, it can be said with confidence that this subtype justifies its name: erythema appears very weakly with pronounced follicular hyperkeratosis. In some cases, there is a nevoid type of lesions.
An atypical variant also appears in the first years of a child’s life, eventually becoming chronic.
Dewergy's disease is divided into several stages due to its various manifestations. Let us take a closer look at each stage of the development of Daveri syndrome.
Stages of development of pathology
Divergey's disease usually develops gradually and stepwise:
- First stage. Here, in the place of localization of the lichen, the first follicular nodules are formed, and the color of the skin changes from light pink to red.Visually, skin lesions in this disease can be compared with scales.
- Progressive form. In the absence of proper treatment and attention to the first symptoms, the disease continues to develop. At this stage, the individual follicular nodules merge together into a single unit, their color changes to yellow or orange.
- A neglected form of the disease. In addition to the above, the skin in the places of defeat thickens, perhaps the manifestation of deep grooves.
Diagnosis of the disease
As mentioned above, to identify the pathology is very difficult because of the similarity of the symptoms of the disease Deverzhi with many other skin diseases. Here, even a histological study is not an informative analysis, since in psoriasis the same lesions of the deep layers of the skin and changes in the epidermis are observed.
It is possible to diagnose Deviergy's disease with a long-term observation of a competent specialist, who can trace the body's immunity to treatment and notice healthy skin foci among the multiple inflamed papules, which cannot be the case with other types of skin diseases.
A patient with Deverja syndrome needs to undergo a qualitative examination, according to the results of which a plan and duration of treatment will be drawn up by a dermatologist. The therapeutic course is made in accordance with the age of the patient, the stage of the disease and the general condition of the patient. The treatment is usually medicamentous, but therapy with some popular methods is also possible.
Various external and oral medications are used to treat the disease. The most commonly used are:
Ointment in case of Deverji disease is also necessary, as well as oral medications. When placing a patient with an acute form of the disease in a hospital, he is also prescribed homeopathic medicines and a complex of vitamins E1, AT1and B12. The neglected form of the disease is treated with photochemotherapy and ultraviolet radiation using special devices.
Treatment by folk methods
Folk methods are also used and well help patients with Daveri disease. This ointment and decoctions prepared at home.
For the treatment of red depriving Diverzhi folk remedies the following plant substances are used:
- a succession;
- Birch tar;
You can prepare the necessary components both independently and buy them at the pharmacy. In the second case, you must carefully follow the instructions for use with the indicated dosages. For the treatment of the disease, you can use several time-tested recipes:
- Birch tar is applied to the affected skin 2-3 times a day.
- 2 tablespoons of the sequence or calendula pour boiling water, insist, filter and wipe the resulting infusion of the affected skin.
On the Internet, you can find many other recipes for the treatment of the disease Deverzhi, but they need to be used only under the supervision of a specialist and in the absence of an allergic reaction to this component.
With the correct treatment of the disease Deverzhi, the prognosis for recovery is quite favorable. Many patients after several courses of treatment can completely get rid of the disease, but even after treatment, a person needs to be monitored regularly by a dermatologist.