Antimicrobial agent "Ciprofloxacin": instructions for use
The preparation "Ciprofloxacin" describes the instructions for use as an antimicrobial agent, which is included in the group of fluoroquinolones and has a large spectrum of action. The basis of this drug is the inhibition of the enzyme DNA gyrase of harmful bacteria, thereby disrupting protein synthesis and bacterial DNA replication. In this case, the drug "Ciprofloxacin", the instructions for use of which also testifies to this, acts on both propagating pathogenic microorganisms and on microorganisms that are at rest. When ingestion of the highest concentration of the drug in the blood is noted in an hour and a half after use.
Description of the dosage form
This antimicrobial preparation in the form of tablets of white or light yellow color is issued.As an active ingredient, one dragee contains ciprofloxacin hydrochloride. The main auxiliary ingredients are aerosil, microcrystalline cellulose, kollidon CL, magnesium stearate and corn starch. The composition of the shell of the tablets include polyethylene glycol 6000, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and titanium dioxide.
The scope of the drug
Prescribe the use of the drug "Ciprofloxacin" instructions for use advises for various inflammatory diseases of the ear, respiratory tract, throat and nose. For infections of the digestive system, musculoskeletal system, biliary tract, gallbladder, urinary tract and kidneys, it is also recommended to start using this remedy from the group of fluoroquinolones. In addition, the drug "Ciprofloxacin" should be taken in a variety of diseases of the skin, mucous membranes, genital organs, soft tissues and organs of the pelvis, provoked by bacteria sensitive to ciprofloxacin hydrochloride. Also, this tool is actively used for the prevention of infections in patients with reduced immunity and treatment of anthrax.
Contraindications to use
Take the tablets "Ciprofloxacin" instructions for use does not advise pregnant women, persons under eighteen years of age and mothers who are breastfeeding. In epilepsy, diseases of the tendons and ligaments also should not start taking this antimicrobial agent. In addition, the drug "Ciprofloxacin" should not be used simultaneously with tizanidine and in the presence of a pronounced allergic reaction to its components.
Possible side effects
Prolonged use of this antimicrobial drug in a number of patients can cause a decrease in appetite, nausea, vomiting, bloating and intestinal dysbiosis. Diarrhea, convulsive activity, skin rashes, trembling in the limbs and itching can also occur as a result of taking Ciprofloxacin tablets. The use of this drug can provoke severe headaches, hallucinations, dizziness, sleep disturbances, tinnitus, anemia, heart palpitations, muscle weakness and joint pain.