Antibiotics for children - the harm and benefits
Every day, there is a dilemma in front of pediatricians: “To prescribe a child to take an antibiotic or not.” And the complexity of the issue lies not only in the limited choice of antibiotic, but also in the unwillingness of parents to use such an extreme means for the treatment of diseases.
Antibiotics for children - fear and risk
Babies who have not reached the age of three are contraindicated in the preparation Levomycetin. It carries a high risk of CNS intoxication and liver damage, even with a fatal outcome. The antibiotic "Ceftriaxone", especially when taken orally, can provoke a complete sterilization of the intestine, with subsequent colonization by harmful flora, possibly fungal.
Antibiotics for children - a hopeless situation
Any bacterium can adapt to the effects of drugs. Therefore, in any case it is impossible to give an antibiotic to a child, in this way it can only be harmful to health. However, there are cases when taking an antibacterial drug is the only right decision.
Acute form of the disease
Pneumonia, follicular sore throat, purulent otitis, sinusitis, pyelonephritis imply antibiotic treatment. When the acute phase passes, physiotherapy or homeopathy is prescribed.
As a rule, antibiotics are prescribed after surgery to prevent inflammation.
Poisoning with bacterial toxins
Tetanus, diphtheria, botulism include the treatment process with strong antibiotics.
The chronic course of the disease, for example, cystitis in girls, cannot be cured without antibacterial drugs. You can only exacerbate the problem.
Antibiotics for children - the principle of action
For children, preparations in the form of fruit-flavored syrups are usually prescribed, but antibiotics may be used in the form of tablets, powders, drops or injections. In any case, the drug is carried by blood throughout the body, depending on the variety. Some drugs can penetrate into the bones and heal inflammation in the skeletal system, others accumulate in the middle ear and eliminate otitis. And there are drugs that attach to the immune cells and with them fall into the focus of the disease, where they start a war with the bacteria.
Antibiotics for children with limited action
The antibiotic wins bacteria perfectly, but with a different pathogen it is absolutely useless. For example, the causative agent of acute respiratory infections, influenza, colds, cough and runny nose are viruses. They are treated with antiviral drugs. Fungal diseases, such as thrush, should be treated with antifungal agents. Antibacterial agents in this case can only aggravate the disease. Antibiotics for children at a temperature will be able to eliminate the cause of the temperature, and not knock it down. It is not in vain that pediatricians hold the view that antibacterial drugs together with antipyretic drugs should not be taken in order to see how effectively the medicine is chosen. But this is possible if the temperature does not rise above 38C.