Analysis of the poem "Leaves"
Before starting the analysis of the poem "Leaves" by Fyodor Tyutchev, let us dwell on the harmonious composition of the work. Each stanza of the poem has eight lines, all four stanzas, the number of significant words in each of the stanzas is approximately equal. Each stanza is made up of two half-structures, indicated by sentence-quatrains.
The first stanza is devoted to winter, in the first quatrain of the second stanza we are talking about the onset of a short summer. The first half-trunk of the third stanza immerses us in the mood of autumn, the second half-front - into an indefinite late autumn season, giving rise to eternal questions: what should we do - fly away or continue to turn yellow on the branch?
The fourth stanza during the pre-winter time accelerates, which, as it were, pushes for the choice of the escape option. However, nature is cyclical, and after winter, spring will certainly come, so the fourth stanza of the work again gives way to the first, a circle is taking place before our eyes!
Analysis of Tyutchev's poem "Leaves"
Formally, the poem should be attributed to landscape lyrics, since the author describes in it a winter forest covered with abundant snow.But we immediately notice the unusual description - there is neither affection nor admiration for the beauty of nature. Moreover, the author draws our attention to the pitiful, dead appearance of the green of spruce trees and pines against the backdrop of luxurious white snow. In his opinion, trees that fold their foliage for the winter are much more rational and honest.
In the second part of the poem Tyutchev conducts a kind of comparative analysis of the essence of man and nature. Despite his young age, the author feels like a deep old man, calls himself and his peers as a “light tribe”, whose days are short. A person rejoices in dew, wind and sunshine like a leaf, but flowers are fading, birds become silent, which in a situation with a person means that youth is fleeting, mature years are full of disappointments, and old age means awareness of worthlessness and illness. The author compares this state with the useless yellowing leaf.
It is impossible to avoid old age and overcome weakness, therefore senile life is deprived not only of attractiveness, but of all meaning, - the author argues. The young poet has not yet realized that with each passing year wisdom comes to man and feeds him with rich food for thought.At the end of any life, Tyutchev sees only the darkness of disappointment, tries to resist the inevitable and with the maximalism inherent in his youth, he appeals to the wind with the call to tear the useless leaves off the branches as soon as possible. Let them rather end their earthly life, go on an endless journey and do not annoy their loved ones with their morals, illnesses and whims.
The analysis of the poem “Leaves” unambiguously opens before us the soul of a young poet who does not want to know anything about his old useless, he is sure that he will die young, moreover he sees this as the only rational and rational outcome. The lyrical hero of the poem urges the wind to quickly pick up useless leaves. Young Tyutchev is afraid of old age, he expects that his own life will end suddenly, as if the life of a leaf unexpectedly taken from a branch.